Essex, Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl Of

(1567-1601)
   Born at Netherwood, Herefordshire, the son of the first Earl of Essex, he inherited the title in 1576 under the guardianship of Lord Burghley. He had some education at Trinity College, Cambridge, but there is nothing outstanding about this. Essex was a cousin of Elizabeth on his mother's side, and when he was presented at court, he quickly became the queen's favorite and, rumored, her lover. It is said Elizabeth was always anxious when he was away on his (often successful) military campaigns. He was made privy councillor in 1593 and in 1594 uncovered an alleged plot against the queen's life by her physician, Roderigo Lopez. However close the relationship, he was wayward and self-willed and this eventually led to his loss of favor, and after a disastrous campaign in Ireland, Elizabeth deprived him of his office for deserting his post. He was executed for treason in trying to stir up a rebellion. Some of his poems: "A Passion of My Lord of Essex," "Change Thy Mind Since She Doth Change," "Happy Were He," "To Plead My Faith."
   Sources: Britannia Biographies (http://www.britannia.com/bios/rhymer.html). Dictionary of National Biography. Electronic Edition 1.1. Oxford University Press, 1997. Elizabethan Lyrics. Norman Ault, ed. William Sloane Associates, 1949. Encyclopædia Britannica Ultimate Reference Suite DVD, 2006. Great Books Online (www.bartleby.com). The Columbia Granger's Index to Poetry. 11th ed. The Columbia Granger's World of Poetry, Columbia University Press, 2005 (http://www.columbiagrangers.org). The Oxford Companion to English Literature. 6th edition. Margaret Drabble, ed. Oxford University Press, 2000. Westminster Abbey Official Guide (no date).

British and Irish poets. A biographical dictionary. . 2015.

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  • Essex, Robert Devereux, 2nd earl of — born Nov. 10, 1567, Netherwood, Herefordshire, Eng. died Feb. 25, 1601, London English soldier and courtier. He was the son of the 1st earl of Essex. As a young man, he became the aging Elizabeth I s favorite, though their relationship was stormy …   Universalium

  • Essex, Robert Devereux, 2nd earl of, Viscount Hereford, Lord Ferrers, Lord Bourchier — ▪ English soldier and courtier born Nov. 10, 1567, Netherwood, Herefordshire, Eng. died Feb. 25, 1601, London  English soldier and courtier famous for his relationship with Queen Elizabeth I (reigned 1558–1603). While still a young man, Essex… …   Universalium

  • Essex, Robert Devereux, 3rd earl of — born 1591, London, Eng. died Sept. 14, 1646, London English military commander. Son of the 2nd earl of Essex, he began his military career in 1620 and commanded forces for Charles I until the Long Parliament deposed Charles s ministers (1640). As …   Universalium

  • Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex — (10 November 1566 ndash; 25 February 1601), a favourite of Queen Elizabeth I of England, is the best known of the many holders of the title Earl of Essex. He was a military hero and royal favourite, but following a poor campaign against Irish… …   Wikipedia

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